Nullity of Bregman guaranteesΒΆ

This example shows that the Bregman divergence is not enough to control convergence of the iterates: it vanishes as soon as the signs are the same.

plot rate bregman


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/home/circleci/.local/lib/python3.8/site-packages/sklearn/linear_model/ FutureWarning: The default of 'normalize' will be set to False in version 1.2 and deprecated in version 1.4.
If you wish to scale the data, use Pipeline with a StandardScaler in a preprocessing stage. To reproduce the previous behavior:

from sklearn.pipeline import make_pipeline

model = make_pipeline(StandardScaler(with_mean=False), LassoLars())

If you wish to pass a sample_weight parameter, you need to pass it as a fit parameter to each step of the pipeline as follows:

kwargs = {s[0] + '__sample_weight': sample_weight for s in model.steps}, y, **kwargs)

Set parameter alpha to: original_alpha * np.sqrt(n_samples).
Res norm PD 1.64e-10
Res norm BP 8.47e-13

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

from numpy.linalg import norm
from sklearn.linear_model import LassoLars

from iterreg.sparse import primal_dual
from iterreg.utils import make_sparse_data

from celer.plot_utils import configure_plt

n, d = 30, 70

snr = 10

rho = 0.2
X, y, x_true = make_sparse_data(n, d, rho=rho, snr=snr)

clf = LassoLars(alpha=1e-20, fit_intercept=False), y)
w_bp = clf.coef_

f_store = 50
max_iter = 200000
algo = "Primal-Dual"

w_pd, theta_pd, all_w_pd = primal_dual(
    X, y, max_iter=max_iter, f_store=f_store, verbose=False)

subgrad = - X.T @ theta_pd
assert w_bp[np.abs(subgrad) > 1 - 1e-10].all()
assert not w_bp[np.abs(subgrad) < 1 - 1e-10].any()
subgrad2 = np.sign(w_bp)

bregman = (norm(all_w_pd, ord=1, axis=1) - norm(w_pd, ord=1) -
           (subgrad2[None, :] * (all_w_pd - w_pd)).sum(axis=1))
feasability = norm(X @ all_w_pd.T - y[:, None], axis=0)
print("Res norm PD %.2e" % norm(X @ w_pd - y))
print("Res norm BP %.2e" % norm(X @ w_bp - y))

figsize = (6.85, 1.75)
fig, ax = plt.subplots(1, 1, constrained_layout=True, figsize=figsize)

plot_bregman = True
n_points = 100
plt.semilogy(f_store * np.arange(n_points),
             label=r'$D_{||\cdot||_1}^{- {X}^* \theta^\star}(w_k, w^\star)$')
plt.semilogy(f_store * np.arange(n_points),
             norm(all_w_pd - w_bp, axis=1)[:n_points],
             label=r'$||w_k - w^\star||$')
plt.semilogy(f_store * np.arange(n_points),
             label=r'$||{X} w_k - {y}||$')

plt.xlabel("Iteration $k$")
plt.legend(loc='upper right')
ax.set_yticks([1e-1, 1e-6, 1e-11])

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 4.936 seconds)

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